Joint Statement on the Position of Civil Societies on Fighting Against Corruption during the Nation
Tuesday, 01 April 2014 | Administrator

Phnom Penh, 24th March, 2014The Affiliate Network for Social Accountability-East Asia and the Pacific (ANSA-EAP), Coalition for Integrity and Social Accountability (CISA) and Khmer Institute for National Development (KIND) are appreciated the speech of chairman of Anti-Corruption Unit (ACU), that open the door for Civil Societies Organization (CSO) and private sectors to monitor the irregularities (bribery/corruption) during the national examination in the academic school year, 2014.
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Why debt sustains corruption in Greece and vice versa
Tuesday, 28 July 2015 | World Economic Forum

Corruption is typically unobserved in formal data, so it is difficult to document its extent. Since the work of Schattschneider (1935), theories of rent seeking and corrupt legislative bargaining – further developed by Ferejohn (1986) and Persson (1998), and outlined in the book by Persson and Tabellini (2000) – link up the observable effects of corruption to rent-extraction mechanisms.
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Days-long sit-in planned by CNRP
The News - Local News
Tuesday, 10 September 2013 , Written by « Meas Sokchea and Stuart White »   

Tue, 10 September 2013

 

CNRP supporters attend a political rally in Kandal province’s Ksach Kandal district.

Opposition leader Sam Rainsy yesterday told supporters in Kandal province to pack up their bed mats, pillows and rice and prepare for the long haul as he and deputy Kem Sokha outlined plans for a sit-in at Freedom Park that could drag on for days – or longer.

Speaking to some 2,000 people in Ksach Kandal district – one day after the National Election Committee officially confirmed a ruling party win in July’s national election – Rainsy and Sokha called on supporters to join in nationwide demonstrations, centred in Phnom Penh’s Freedom Park, beginning on September 15 and lasting at least until the 17th.

“We will [demonstrate] for days, weeks. If it is necessary to march, we will march,” Rainsy said. “Please, people, pack rice as well for when we will meet at Freedom Park.… Don’t be scared; we will meet in Phnom Penh demonstrating loudly.”

Sokha also reinforced the message that demonstrations would continue until progress was made on the subject of election irregularities.

“We will not join the parliamentary session, which would violate the will of people,” Sokha said.

Despite the decidedly larger time commitment, attendees at the rally promised to support the Freedom Park sit-in.

Ros Run, 60, said – like others interviewed – that he was “not scared”, and that he “must dare to go to join the demonstration [and] participate to demand the ballots that we cast for the [Cambodia] National Rescue Party”.

Moch Soeun, 52, said she would be joining with her two children in tow, while Muong Tim, 65, said she too would join so the CNRP could “help the people to be happy”.

Young political blogger Ou Ritthy, however, was sceptical.

“You can sit down in Freedom Park and stay there for three days, but what is the impact? I’m still for the civil disobedience of Mahatma Gandhi, with garment workers boycotting their work for days,” he said, noting that behaviour affecting the economy would cause the CPP to sit up and take notice.

Predicting an ever-waning turnout for further protests, Ritthy said the proposed sit-in “might have an impact on social order, but it will not have an impact on economic development.… And [as for] social order – I think the CPP can manage”.

Ruling party lawmaker Cheam Yeap dismissed Rainsy and Sokha’s appeal as “demagogy”, and said demonstrations were no longer the way to resolve election disputes, since such matters had already been resolved by the relevant institutions.

“I would like to call for people – whether they voted for any party, [but] especially the supporters of the National Rescue Party – to please act according to the royal letter of King Sihamoni appealing for calm, and allow for the possibility for the party that won the election to lead the country more,” he said.

Yeap also maintained that the door remained open for negotiations with the CNRP, but only on the subject of a political compromise.

CNRP spokesman Yim Sovann yesterday said his party had “sent several letters” asking for talks on an independent investigative body to resume, but “they ask to talk about a power-sharing agreement, and we want to talk about justice for the people – this is different”.

Sovann also confirmed that the party will send a letter to the Phnom Penh municipality today informing it of their demonstration schedule.

City Hall spokesman Long Dimanche declined to comment on the possibility of such a protest until he received the letter.

Meanwhile, US embassy spokesman Sean McIntosh told reporters yesterday that the US was encouraging parties to negotiate, but added that though “the final results have been announced … there are still irregularities that need to be handled”.

Political analyst Chea Vannath called it “shameful that the politicians cannot find a political way to solve their differences,” and urged the ruling party to “show political maturity” by initiating meaningful talks.

However, she noted, the CNRP is under pressure from its supporters to take a firm stance against such talks, and would continue to protest until such negotiations become more palatable.

“So to go through that process, it’s like a healing process for the supporters,” she said.

http://www.phnompenhpost.com/national/days-long-sit-planned-cnrp

 
Reform talk from CPP
The News - Local News
Tuesday, 10 September 2013 , Written by « Kevin Ponniah »   
Tue, 10 September 2013

The Cambodian People’s Party is prepared to make sweeping changes during its fifth government mandate, including improving the often-criticised judiciary and prioritising social justice, a government spokesman said.

This “period of reform” would see deep-seated changes across a number of ministries in response to grievances expressed by both its supporters and those who voted for the opposition, Council of Ministers spokesman Phay Siphan said.

“We heard very well from our people on issues of social justice, issues of corruption and issues of land. So I think those areas are going to be targeted as a priority in the fifth term,” he said.

Official election results released on Sunday confirmed that the CPP won 68 seats in this election, dropping 22 seats from its 2008 results.

Siphan said yesterday that the courts – which have long been criticised by observers for their lack of independence – would be made “more accountable”.

“[We will appoint] competent lawyers as well as judges. [There will be] better administration in court as we learn from the [Khmer Rouge tribunal]. Justice will be happening in the court system with better services provided by the government,” he said.

Although the CPP has long based its governing credentials on providing stability and economic growth – as evidenced by soaring GDP figures and kilometres of newly paved roads – Siphan said that during this term the government would focus on social justice rather than infrastructure building.

He said, however, that an overall picture of things to come would be outlined by Prime Minister Hun Sen in his first speech to the National Assembly – which is due to sit on September 23.

Political analyst Lao Mong Hay said yesterday that the government’s words were “positive” but that effective mechanisms and a timetable for changes would have to be announced before the CPP could be applauded for any reforms.

“The government and the ruling party have said those kinds of things before, but then so far, to my knowledge, little has been achieved,” he said.

“To be able to recover and to get the voters’ popular support, I think they have to effectively and drastically change themselves – the institutions, mechanisms and attitudes.”

Panhavuth Long, program officer at the Cambodia Justice Initiative, said that whether the government was truly willing to bolster the independence of the judiciary would depend on whether they introduced legislation strictly defining the roles and responsibilities of judges.

Such laws, Panhavuth said, would secure the tenure of judges, in addition to making their conduct, discipline, promotion, transfer and dismissal more “transparent and objective”.

“I would welcome these kinds of statements, but we have to wait and see because the government has been promising legal and judicial reform since 1994 … and the law on the status of judges has been in the pipeline for more than 10 years,” he said.

“[We need courts where] new judges and new lawyers admitted are all competent and don’t buy their way in through corruption, and are accountable to the law rather than [a political] party in their decisions.”

Despite calls for an overhaul of the National Election Committee – deemed by many to be a tool of the ruling party – Siphan maintained that any such reforms were outside the CPP’s mandate.

“The NEC does not belong to any particular party. It belongs to voters.… It’s an independent body. Only the National Assembly should be able to do that,” he said.

“I want to [emphasise] that the NEC, from the CPP side, belongs to voters and not any political party.”

http://www.phnompenhpost.com/national/reform-talk-cpp
 
Rice plots blocked at dam site
The News - Local News
Tuesday, 10 September 2013 , Written by « Sen David »   

Tue, 10 September 2013

Military police form a barrier on land that has been the subject of land disputes in Koh Kong province’s Botum Sakor district in May. PHOTO SUPPLIED

In a first step toward clearing villagers from land intended for a planned Koh Kong provincial hydroelectric dam, a Chinese development firm has blocked a road leading to plots where villagers have continued to harvest rice.

Officials from Tianjin Union Development Group, which was awarded a 9,100-hectare economic land concession straddling Koh Kong’s Kiri Sakor and Botum Sakor districts two years ago, placed wooden blocks across the Ta Noun commune road on Sunday, said Phan Eng, 57, who lives in the commune.

“We can get across by jumping, but this makes it difficult to bring our tractors across to farm as we usually do,” Eng said.

A staff member from Tianjin Union Development Group who answered the phone when a Post reporter called yesterday refused to provide contact information for management personnel.

The move came less than two weeks before a September 20 deadline that the government’s Inter-ministerial Resettlement Committee gave more than 100 families living in the area to vacate their land. Villagers in Kiri Sakor and Botum Sakor were notified of the deadline in July. Bulldozing of the area is scheduled to begin October 1.

Families living on the economic land concession were all offered land in an area of Ta Noun commune about 10 kilometres from where they currently live, Ta Noun commune chief Yoeng Vang Vireak said.

But Tianjin Union Development Group has not offered villagers any compensation for their land or homes, Ing Kong Chet, a coordinator for rights group Licadho, said yesterday.

Blocking the road without first coming to a compensation agreement violated villagers’ rights, he said.

“It is the company’s way to induce panic in residents, and force them from their homes without compensation,” Kong Chet said. “[Villagers] have farmland. They cannot move without any compensation.”

Vang Vireak retorted that local authorities had no right to interfere with the company’s staff blocking roads because the government already granted the land concession.

“The company has the right to develop their land,” Vang Vireak said. “Residents who don’t agree with that should move to the new village that the government has prepared.”

http://www.phnompenhpost.com/national/rice-plots-blocked-dam-site

 
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